The attitude of the local community towards the Saxon’s cultural heritage - a comparative analysis between Sibiu and Braşov counties

Pascu Marioara



The purpose of the research consists in performing a comparative analysis between the counties of Sibiu and Braşov in relation to the attitude of the local population towards the cultural patrimony of the Saxons from the communities in which they live. The ten Saxon settlements analysed presently preserve a valuable cultural heritage, numerous buildings are registered on the Romanian national heritage list, and two are on the UNESCO world heritage list. The research methods used were: questionnaire and statistical analysis. The Sibiu sample includes the rural localities: Biertan, Cȃrţa, Mălȃncrav, Hosman and Şelimbăr and the one in Braşov the localities: Hălchiu, Hărman, Prejmer, Sȃnpetru and Vulcan. To compare the two samples in terms of the population’s attitude towards the Saxons’ cultural patrimony, I have applied the Kruskal-Wallis test. The test identified 15 total differences between the two samples. The differences of perception where influenced by individual as well as demographic factors. The experience, needs and expectations of the respondents were reflected in the answer choices. Sex and the locality had a high impact in the differentiation of the samples.


cultural heritage, landscape values, perception, appreciation, Saxons

Full Text:




Ahmad, Y.(2006). The scope and Definitions of Heritage: From Tangible to Intangible. International Journal of Heritage Studies, vol 12, no.3,pp.297

Akeroyd, J.R, Page. N. (2004). The Saxon villages of Southern Transylvania: conserving biodiversity in a historic landscape. In: Akeroyd, JR., Gafta, D., (Eds.) Nature Conservation: Concepts and Practice. Springer, New York, 199–210.

Antrop. M., (1997). The concept of traditional landscapes as a base for landscape evaluation and planning; the example of Flanders. Landscape and Urban Planning 38,105-117.

Ardilly, P., Les techniques de sondage, Editions Technip, Paris, 1994

Avrami, E., Mason, R.,De la Torre, M eds. 2000. Values and Heritage Conservation. Los Angeles: Getty Conservation Institute

Beckett, P.H.T, (1974). The interaction between knowledge and aesthetic appreciation. Landscape Res. News, 1(8):5-7.

Clynes,M., (1969). Toward a theory of man: precision of essentic form in living communications.In: Leibovic N. And Eccles, J.C., Information Processing in the Nervous System.Springer-Verlag, New York.

Dewey, J., Bentley, A.F. (1949). Knowing and the Known. Beacon, Boston,M.A.pp334.

Dumitrescu, M., Sondaje statistice si aplicatii, Editura Tehnica, Bucuresti 2000.

Fairclough, G.J et al.,(2008). The Heritage Reader, New York, Routledge.

Faro Convention, (2005),, pdf document, accessed 28/12/2017

Fisher, J. Hartel, T., Kuemmerle T., (2012). Conservation policy in traditional farming landscape, Conservation Letters 5, 167-175

Field, A. (2013) Discovering Statistics using SPSS: (And sex and drugs and rock 'n' roll). 4th edn. London: SAGE.

Fitzsimmons, A.K., (1977). The impact of development centers on national park landscapes: the views of senior National Park Service officials. Landscape Planning, 4., pp.349-358.

Gibson,J.J., (1966).The Senses Considered as Perceptual Systems. Houghton Mifflin, Bostion, MA., pp.335.

Gibson,J.J.,(1977).The theory of affordances. In:Shaw, R. And Bransford, J.(editors), Perceiving, Acting and Knowing:Toward and Ecological Psychology.Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJ.

Greenbie,B.B., (1975). Problems of scale and context in assessing a generalized landscape for particular persons.In: Zube, E.H., Brush, R.O. and Fabos, J.G. (editors), Landscape Assessment: Values, Perceptions and Resources.Dowden, Hutchinson and Ross, Stroudsburg,PA., pp.65-91

Hart, T.J, (1998). The rural landscape, Johns Hopkins University Press , Baltimore

Harvey, D.C. (2001). Heritage Pasts and Heritage Presents: Temporality, Meaning and the Scope of Heritage Studies, International Journal of Heritage Studies 7:4, 319–38.

Heinich, N.(2011). The Making of Cultural Heritage. The Nordic Journal of Aesthetics 22 (40-41):119-128.

Hilgard, E.R., (1951). Methods and procedures in the study of learning. In S. S. Stevens, Handbook of experimental psychology. New York: Wiley, pp. 517-567

Hughes, H. (1987). Culture as a tourist resource: A theoretical consideration Tourism Management, 8, 205-206

ICOMOS, (1999). Carta del Patrimonio Vernaculo Construido, approvata durante la 12ª Assemblea Generale ICOMOS (International Council on Monuments and Sites) in Messico nel 1999.

Ittelson, W.H, Cantril, H.,(1954). Perception, a Transactional Approach.Doubleday, New York

Kaplan, R., (1979). The green experience. In: Kaplan, S. and Kapla, R. (editors), Human-scape. Duxbury, North Scituate, MA., pp.186-193.

Kaplan, S., (1975). An informal model for the prediction of preference. In : Zube, E.H., Bush, R.O. and Fabos, J.G. (editors), Landscape Assessment: Values, Perceptions and Resources. Dowden, Hutchinson and Ross, Stroudsburg, P.A.

Kaplan, S., (1979). Perception and landscape: conceptions and misconceptions.In: Elsner, G.H. and Smardon, R.C.,(Editors), Our National Landscape. U.S.D.A for Serv. General tech. Rep.PSW-35.

Lee, S.A., (1973). Environmental perception, preferences and the designer. Procedings of the Lund Conference Architectural Psychology, 26-29 June 1973.

Lefebvre, H. 1991. The Production of Space. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing

Lohr, S. L., Sampling: Design and analysis, Brooks/Cole Publishing Company, London, 1999

Lowenthal, D., (1975). Past time, present place: landscape and memory. Geogr.Rev.,65, pp.1-36.

McClelland L.F, T.Keller, (1999).Guidelines of Evaluating and documenting rural historic landscape, pp.2

Palmer, J.F. (1997): Stability of landscape perception in the face of landscape change. Landscape and Urban Planning 37: 109-113.

Parsons, R., Daniel,T.C. (2002): Good looking: In defense of scenic landscape aesthetics. Landscape and Urban Planning, 60(1): 43-56.

Pendlebury, J., (2013).Conservation values, the authorized heritage discourse and the conservation-planning assemblage, International Journal of Heritage Studies, Volume 19

Piccardi, S. (1986). Il paesaggio culturale, Patron Editore, Bologna

Riley, R.B., (1979). To see with the soul of the eye. Landscape, 23:28-34

Schwartz, H.S., (2012), An Overview of the Schwartz Theory of Basic Values, Psychology and Culture, 2, pp.8

UNESCO ( 1972), Convention concerning the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage, Paris: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, UNESCO

UNESCO ( 2011), The Operational Guidelines for the implementation of the World Heritage Convention, Paris: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization , UNESCO

UNESCO, 2010. Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape HUL- Preliminary Report. Paris: World Heritage Centre

Venice Charter,, accessed on 16.04.2018

Wohlwill, J.F., (1978). What belong where: research on the fittingness of man- made structures in natural recreation settings. Landscape research, no.3., pp.3-5.

Wohlwill, J.F., Harris ,G., (1980). Response to congruity or contrast for man- made features in natural recreation settings. Leisure., no.3., pp.349-365.

Zube , H.E, Sell J.L, Taylor, J.G, (1982). Landscape Perception: Research, Application and Theory, Landscape Planning , pp 9.

Zube, E.H., Bush, R.O., Fabos, J.G., (1975). Landscape Assessment : Values, Perceptions and Resources. Dowden, Hutchinson and Ross, Stroudsburg, P.A., pp. 367

Zube, E.H., Pitt, D.G., Anderson, T.W. (1974): Perception and Measurement of Scenic

Resources on the Southern Connecticut River Valley. The Environmental Institute, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts.

Zube, E.H., Simcox, D.E., Law,C.S. (1987): Perceptual landscape simulations, history and prospect. Landscape Journal, 6(1): 62-80.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN: 1223-5334; eISSN: 2284-6379. Published in Romania




Large Visitor Globe