Alexandru BANICA, Marinela Istrate


In the last 20 years, two obvious changes that were faced by the Romanian labour market are the decline of industries demanding large energy consuming leaving tens of thousands of unemployed, but also the emergence of both new energy effective industries and renewable energy (RE) facilities which create jobs and collateral services. Adapting an internationally established methodology, our study estimates the sum of positive employment due to investments in renewable energy (gross new jobs). The jobs are less identified at manufacturing phase of the facilities (as they are usually made abroad) and more in construction, operating and maintenance phases. Using the available data on installed capacities distribution and generated energy from renewable sources, we try to assess the spatial differences in potential gross jobs creation. The purpose of this analysis is to highlight the areas were innovation by promoting renewable energy, but also reconversion of disposable active population by education and training could represent an engine towards a resilient labour market, economic development and a clean environment.


renewable energy (RE), installed capacities, jobs opportunities, gross employment, labour force resilience

Full Text:



Gulen, G.: Defining, measuring and predicting green jobs, Copenhagen Consensus Center, 2011.

Kammen, D. M., Kapadia, K. and Fripp, M.: Putting Renewables to Work: How Many Jobs Can Clean Energy

Industry Generate?, RAEL Report, University of California, Berkeley, 2004.

Huntington, Hillard G.: Creating Jobs with “Green” Power Sources, EMF OP64, April 2009, Reprinted from USA EE Dialogue 17(1), March 2009

Nathani, C., Schmid, C., Breitschopf, B. and Resch, G.: Guidelines for employment impact assessment of renewable energy deployment – gross employment studies, Ecomod 2012, International Conference on Economic Modeling, Sevilla, Spain, 2012

Pereira da Silva, P, Oliveira, C. and Coelho, D.: Employment effects and renewable energy policies: applying I‐O methodology to Portugal, Proceedings of the 14th INFER Annual Conference, Coimbra, Portugal, 10-12 of May, 2012.

Rutovitz, J. and Harris, S.: Calculating Global Energy Sector Jobs: 2012 – Methodology, Institute for Sustainable Futures, University of Technology, Sidney, 2012.

Scully-Russ, E.: Are Green Jobs Career Pathways to a 21st – Century Workforce Development System?, Adult Learning 2013 24:6, 2013.

Swanstrom, T.: Regional Resilience: A critical examination of the ecological framework, Working paper 2008-07, delivered at the Urban Affairs Association, Annual meeting, Baltimore, MD, April 25, 2008

Walker, B., Holling, C.S., Carpenter, S.R. and Kinzig, A.: Resilience, adaptability and transformability in social-ecological systems. Ecology and Society 9, 5, 2004

*** An energy policy for Europe, Communication from the commission to the European council and the European Parliament. Commission of the European Communities, Sec (2007) 12, 2007

*** Green jobs: A review of recent studies, Center for Energy Economics, Bureau of Economic Geology, The University of Texas at Austin, December 2008

*** New Skills for Green Jobs - Green Jobs Country Report – Romania, The National Centre for Technical and Vocational Education, EEO Autumn review 2008,, 2008

*** A Skilled Workforce for Strong, Sustainable and Balanced Growth. A G20 Training Strategy, International Labour Office, Geneva, EMPLOY-RES, 2009

*** International Labour Office (ILO), Skills and occupational needs in renewable energy (Geneva, ILO), 2011.

*** Towards green growth, OECD, Paris, May 2011.

*** Mapping renewable energy pathways towards 2020. EU ROADMAP, European Renewable Energy Council (EREC), 2011

*** Renewables 2012. Global Status Report, REN21 – Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century, 2012

*** Energy [R]evolution. A sustainable world energy outlook, Report 4th edition 2012 Word energy scenario, GWEC, ERCE, GREENPEACE, 2012

*** Build Up Skills – Romania. Raport de analiza a starii actuale, august 2012, URBAN-INCERC National Institute for Research & Development in Construction, Romania, 2012

*** REN21 Renewables Interactive Map - Country Profile: Romania, 2013,, 2013

*** Green Jobs and related policy frameworks. An overview of the European Union, Sustainlabour Report, February 2013 [last accessed: 01.04.2014]



  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN: 1223-5334; eISSN: 2284-6379. Published in Romania




Large Visitor Globe