ROAD ACCIDENTS IN RUSSIA: STATISTICAL AND GEOGRAPHICAL ANALYSIS

Elena PETROVA

Abstract


Road transport is the most dangerous means of modern transportation. About 1.24 million people die annually on the world’s roads. Middle-income countries including the Russian Federation have the highest road traffic fatality rates. The author analyzed the main causes of road accidents in the Russian Federation, their temporal variation and spatial distribution as well as temporal change in the number of road accidents, fatalities and injuries over the last 10 years at national and regional level using official statistics data and information of the database created by the author. The main purpose of the study is to trace regional differences in road (un-)safety, to find out the most critical points and to reveal areas most at risk. The study was done at the level of the main administrative units of the Russian Federation (federal regions). As the leading cause of road accidents in Russia, rank traffic violations by drivers, including drink-driving that accounts for one-fifths of car crashes in some regions. In some regions, as the most severe problem remains the poor state of roads and streets causing 40-50 per cent of accidents there.


Keywords


road accidents, geographical analysis, regional differences, Russian federal regions

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15551/scigeo.v59i2.275

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