THE POTENTIAL FOR WATER DIFFUSE POLLUTION WITH HEAVY METALS IN ARIEȘ RIVER BASIN

Iulia Elena FONTANINE, Romulus Dumitru COSTACHE

Abstract


The potential for water diffuse pollution with heavy metals in Arieș river basin. Arieș river basin is found mostly in the area of mining extractions from Apuseni Mountains. Its position causes a high vulnerability of water courses to pollution with heavy metals derived from mine waters. In this sutdy, in order to determine the potential for water diffuse pollution in Arieș river basin, two main factors were integrated in GIS software, respectively: the potential for surface runoff and the localization of the sources of water pollution with heavy metals (quarries, mines, blank depositions, decantation ponds). The highlighting of the potential for water diffuse pollution was achieved by computing the DPPI index for each river sub-basin. The index was computed by multiplying the average values of the Flash-Flood Susceptibility Index for each river sub-basin by the number of difuse pollution sources (quarries, mines, blank depositions, decantation ponds) within the sub-basin units. The results relieved that the most exposed areas to pollution correspond to water courses from Valea Șesei, Roșia Montană, Valea Buciumanilor river basins and implicitly Abrud river basin, which contains the last two mentioned river basins. The validation of the results was performed by  consulting the data reports offered by the Agency for Environmental Protection from Alba county, which confirm the severe water pollution with heavy metals.

Keywords


Arieș, FFSI, DPPI, diffuse pollution, GIS

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arghiuș C. and Arghiuș V.: The quantitative estimation of the soil erosion using USLE type ROMSEM model. Case-study: the Codrului ridge and piedmont (Romania). Carpathian Journal of Earthan Environmental Sciences, 6, 2, 59-66, 2011.

Barredo J.I.: Major flood disasters in Europe: 1950–2005. Natural Hazards 42, 125–148, 2007.

Bătinaș R.: Studying water quality in Arieş river basin, Cluj Universitary Press, Cluj-Napoca, 2010 (in Romanian).

Bilașco Ș.: Implementation of GIS in modeling flash-flood on slopes, House of Science Book Press, Cluj-Napoca, 2008 (in Romanian).

Bilașco Ş., Horvarth C., Cocean P., Sorocovschi V., Oncu M.: Implementation of the USLE Model Using GIS Techniques. Case Study the Someşan Plateau. Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, 4, 2, 2009.

Bilașco S., Cocean P., Nicula G., Drăgan Magdalena.: The geomorphological conditions of teritorial management pretability in Arieș river valley, Geographia Napocensis, Year VII, Nr.1, 1-15, 2013 (in Romanian).

Chiew F. H. S. and McMahon T. A.: Modelling runoff and diffuse pollution loads in urban areas, Water Science and Technology, 39, 12, 241-248, 1999.

Chendeş V.: Liquid and solid runoff in the Curvature Subcarpathians. Ph.D Thesis, Romanian Academy, Institute of Geography, Library of the Institute of Geography, Bucharest, 2007 (in Romanian).

Chunhui, L. and Zhifeng ,Y.: Natural runoff changes in the Yellow River Basin, Journal of Geographical Sciences, 14, 4 : 427-436, 2004

Constantinescu Ş.: Observing the morphometric indicators, determined by the DEM, [http://earth.unibuc.ro/articole/observaii-asupra-indicatorilor-morfometrici determinai-pe-baza-mnat] consulted on: 13.VII.2013., 2006 (in Romanian).

Costea G.: Deforestation process consequences upon surface runoff coefficients. Catchment level case study from the Apuseni Mountains, Romania, Geographia Technica, 128-33, 2013.

Costache R. and Prăvălie R.: Manifestation potential of surface runoff obtained on the basis of the digital elevation model. Case study: the Subcarpathian sector of Buzău Catchment, Studia Universitatis Babeș-Bolyai, 2, 2013 (in press).

D’Arcy B. J., Usman F., Griffiths D. and Chatfield, P.: Initiatives to tackle diffuse pollution in the UK, Water Science and Technology, 38, 10, 131-138, 1998.

De Wit M., Meinardi C., Wendland F., Kunkel R.: Modelling water fluxes for the analysis of diffuse pollution at the river basin scale, Hydrological Processes. 14, 10, 1707-1723, 2000

Domnița M.: Runoff modeling using GIS. Application in torrential basins in the Apuseni Mountains, PhD thesis, Cluj Napoca, 2012.

Fontanine Iulia and Costache R.: Using GIS techniques for surface runoff potential analysis in the Subcarpathian area between Buzău and Slănic rivers, in Romania. Cinq Continents, 3 (7), 201-214, 2013

Heathwaite A.L., Quinn P. F., Hewett C. J. M.: Modelling and managing critical source areas of diffuse pollution from agricultural land using flow connectivity simulation, Journal of Hydrology, 304, 1-4, 446-461, 2005.

Hickey R.: Slope Angle and Slope Length Solutions for GIS. Cartography, 29, 1, 1-8, 2000.

Kim G., Yur Joonghyun, Kim J.: Diffuse pollution loading from urban stormwater runoff in Daejeon city, Korea, Journal of Environmental Management, 85, 1, 9-16, 2007.

Li, Y. and Zhang, J.: Agricultural diffuse pollution from fertilizers and pesticides in China, Science and Technology, 39, 3, 25-32, 1999.

Marchi L., Borga M., Preciso E. and Gaume E.: Characterisation of selected extreme flash floods in Europe and implications for flood risk management, Journal of Hydrology 394, 118–133, 2010.

Mătreaţă, M. and Mătreaţă, Simona : Methods of estimating the potential for flash-flood in small river basins, Geographical Paper, XIV, University of Bucharest Press, Bucharest, 2010 (in Romanian).

Minea G.: Bâsca river basin. Hydrogeographical study, Ph.D Thesis, University of Bucharest, Faculty of Geography, Bucharest, 2011 (in Romanian).

Naimo Teresa J.: A review of the effects of heavy metals on freshwater mussels, Ecotoxicology, 4, 6, 341-362, 1995.

Nisbet T. R.: The role of forest management in controlling diffuse pollution in UK ferorestry, Forest Ecology and Management, 143, 1-3, 215-226, 2001.

Novotny V.: Diffuse pollution from agriculture – A worldwide outlook, Water Science and Technology, 39, 3, 1-13, 1999.

Onless, A.: Water Quality: Prevention, Identification and Management of Diffuse Pollution, Journal of Environmental Quality, 24, 2, 383-383, 1995.

Owen G. J., Perks M. T., Benskin C. M. H., Wilkinson M. E., Jonczyk J. and Quinn P. F.: Monitoring agricultural diffuse pollutin through a dense monitoring network in the River Eden Demonstration Test Catchment, Cumbria, UK, Area, 44, 4, 443-453, 2012.

Prăvălie, R. and Costache, R.: The vulnerability of the territorial-administrative units to the hydrological phenomena of risk (flash-floods). Case study: the subcarpathian sector of Buzău catchment, Analele Universitatii din Oradea, Seria Geografie, 1, 91-98, 2013.

Prăvălie, R. and Costache, R.: The analysis of the susceptibility of the flash-floodsʼ genesis in the area of the hydrographical basin of Bâsca Chiojdului river, XII, 2, Forum Geografic (in press), 2013.

Sahoo, G. B. Ray, C. and De Carlo, E., H.: Use of neural network to predict flash flood and attendant water qualities of a mountainous stream on Oahu, Hawaii, Journal of Hydrology, 327, 525-538, 2006.

Teodor, S. and Mătreața Simona.: A way of determining how small river basins of somes river are susceptible to flash-floods, Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, 6, 1, 89- 98, 2011.

Villarini, G., Krajewski, W. F., Ntelekos A., Georgakakos K. P., Smith J. A.: Towards probabilistic forecasting of flash floods: The combined effects of uncertainty in radar-rainfall and flash flood guidance, Journal of Hydrology 394: 275-284, 2010.

Wilson, J. P, Gallant, J. C.: Terrain Analysis, Principles and Applications, John Wiley, 1-28, New York, 2000.

Yu J., Yang C., Liu C., Song X., Hu S., Li F. and Tang C.: Slope runoff study in situ using rainfall simulator in mountainous area of North China, Journal of Geographical Sciences, 19, 461-470, 2009.

Zaharia Liliana, Minea G., Toroimac Gabriela Ioana, Barbu R. and Sârbu I.: Estimation of the Areas with Accelerated Surface Runoff in the Upper Prahova Watershed (Romanian Carpathians), Balwois, Republic of Macedonia, 2012

Zanon F., Borga M., Zoccatelli D., Marchi L., Gaume E., Bonnifait L. and Delrieu G.: Hydrological analysis of a flash flood across a climatic and geologic gradient: The September 18, 2007 event in Western Slovenia, Journal of Hydrology 394: 182-197, 2010.

Zoccatelli D., Borga M., Zanon F., Antonescu B. and Stâncalie, G.: Which rainfall spatial information for flash flood response modelling? A numerical investigation based on data from the Carpathian range, Romania, Journal of Hydrology, 394: 148–161, 2010

***EEA, Corine Land Cover, 2006

***ICPA, Romania Soil Map, 2002

***www.apmalba.ro




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15551/scigeo.v59i2.259

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



ISSN: 1223-5334; eISSN: 2284-6379. Published in Romania

 

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS ONLINE CATALOG Geoscience e-journal

 


Large Visitor Globe