ANTHROPOGENIC TRANSFORMATION OF LANDSCAPES OF EASTERN GEORGIA AND THE CURRENT ECOLOGICAL SITUATION

Elene SALUKVADZE, Tamila CHALADZE

Abstract


The landscapes of eastern Georgia are increasingly exposed to anthropogenic impacts and are replaced by natural-anthropogenic or completely transformed landscapes. These processes can be observed worldwide, though with different intensity. The underlying causes include the construction of hydro energy facilities, uncontrollable (illegal) felling of trees, pasture overload, and so on, which inevitably have a serious impact on the environment and  cause frequent and increasingly intensive geodynamic processes such as erosions, landslides and mudflows.

The study of the impacts of particular anthropogenic factors on Eastern Georgian landscapes made it possible to design a model of the region – a landscape-ecological map showing ecological factors characteristic of a particular landscape zone and highlighting ecologically hazardous areas.


Keywords


Landscape, anthropogenic transformation, ecological situation, geodynamic processes, Eastern Georgia.

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15551/scigeo.v59i1.219

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